One of these lies in the way the world manages the creation and ownership of inventions and ideas. A protectionist method of intellectual property was created to protect and prolong the lifecycle of existing technologies, and enable innovators to capture the profits from their creations. In a paper published with colleagues from universities in Germany and India, we examined how this also makes it tougher for new and much more sustainable technologies to be developed and adopted. That explains why nowadays there are other approaches being utilized to move key sectors to more sustainable systems and end this status quo.
Electric car manufacturer Tesla, has been doing that. Tesla CEO Elon Musk “shocked” the world in 2014 as he announced that his company was joining the open source movement and giving out its patents free of charge. You should be aware of the rationale here. Why would an organization that had worked so desperately to develop and protect its technology from the global car manufacturer competitors suddenly give its technology away free of charge?
Tesla initially developed Inventhelp New Products to protect its technology. However, Tesla’s concern that it might be overwhelmed once established car makers ramped up their manufacture of electric cars never arrived at pass. Instead, it saw the electrical car market stagnate at under 1% of total vehicle sales. So Tesla changed its strategy from seeking to prevent others from building electric cars to trying to encourage them into the market.
Part of the reasoning here is that if more electric cars are made, then more battery recharging stations is going to be built too. This would make electric cars be a little more visible, as well as a more conventional choice. Tesla believes that an open intellectual property strategy can strengthen rather than diminish its position because they build the dimensions of the electrical car market, and as a result, build their own share from the total automotive market.
This kind of careful control over intellectual property at company level, backed up by policy-level awareness, can be quite a powerful approach to support the same types of transitions to more sustainable technologies in other industries too.
Energy supply faces an array of difficulties: the depletion of natural resources; air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions; nuclear risks; and security of supply. This type of water supply sector is restricted by water scarcity, pollutants, extreme environmental events like flooding and expenses associated with supplying water to communities in poor countries and remote communities. The agri-food sector, meanwhile, is under pressure to sustainably produce more food as well as address malnutrition in poor countries.
For these industries to navigate a path around these issues, new knowledge and also the How Do You Patent An Idea that follow is going to be essential. And then in knowledge economies, intellectual property may either be an enabler or an inhibitor.
In the event the ownership of intellectual property is fragmented in an industry, it could slow down technology innovation and uptake, such as inside the electronics industry where multiple players own complementary patents. However, firms can instead open their innovation processes and move away from jealously guarded, internal cultures, where intellectual dppdwz can be used to protect and prolong lifecycles. This modification may see knowledge sharing that leads to accelerated innovation cycles as well as a more rapid uptake of sustainable alternatives throughout a sector: precisely what Tesla was longing for in electric vehicles.
This method to intellectual property, so-called “open IP”, is well advanced and mature within the software industry and healthcare. It offers given access to life-saving medicines to thousands of people, particularly in Patent Companies through patent pools, like the Medicine Patent Pool. This type of project depends on multinational pharmaceutical companies sharing their intellectual property, but small companies could also play a strategic roles in creating these new, more sustainable systems, and it’s not all about open IP.